Pinjore Gardens (also known as Pinjor Gardens or Yadavindra Gardens) is located in Pinjore, Panchkula district in the Indian state of Haryana. Pinjore Garden is one of the best place to visit in Pinjore, Haryana. It is an example of the Mughal Gardens style and was built by Patiala Dynasty Sikh Rulers. The garden is in the village of Pinjore lie 22 km from Chandigarh on the Ambala-Shimla road. It was created in the 17th century by architect Nawab Fidai Khan during the early reign of his foster brother Aurangzeb (r. 1658-1707).
In recent times, it has been renamed as ‘Yadavindra Garden’ in the memory of Maharaja Yadavindra Singh former of the princely state of Patiala. After it was initially built by Fidai Khan, the garden was refurbished by Yadevendra Singh and restored to its former splendor, since it had grown into a wild jungle after initially built due to long years of neglect.
It was built in the foothills of Himalayas as one of the Mughal gardens summer retreat for the Aurangzeb (r. 1658-1707), who then had his capital at Lahore, by his foster brother architect Muzaffar Hussain, known as Nawab Fidai Khan Koka, who as Aurangzeb’s master of ordnance had also supervised the construction of Badshahi Mosque (1671-73) of Lahore.
It was built during the early days of Aurangzeb’s rule but the accurate date is not known. Since the time of Shahjahan, Mughals reserved the pavilions with Balustered columns supporting the cusped arches only for the use of the emperor and his immediate family, hence, it was likely built for Aurangzeb’s personal use as a summer retreat.
In 1775, the Maharaja of Patiala Amar Singh bought it from the King of Sirmur State Jagat Prakash.
The garden, covered with wild overgrowth, came under the territory ruled by the Maharaja of Patiala during the 19th century British Raj, who used the garden terraces to grow roses for making Ittar (perfume) for the maharaja. The Maharaja Yadavindra Singh (1914-74) of the princely state of Patiala restored the garden to its former splendor. In recent times, it has been renamed Yadavindra Garden in his memory.
Built on the style of Shalimar Bagh, Srinagar, the garden has been laid in seven terraces, with the main gate of the garden opening into the highest first terrace, which has a palace built in Rajasthani–Mughal style. It is called the “Shish Mahal” (palace of glass), which is adjoined by a romantic “Hawa Mahal” (airy Palace).
The second terrace with arched doorways has the “Rang Mahal” (painted palace). The third terrace has cypress trees and flowerbeds leading to dense groves of fruit trees. The next terrace has the “Jal Mahal” (palace of water) with a square fountain bed and a platform to relax. Fountains and tree groves are provided on the next terrace. The lowermost terrace has an open-air theatre, which is designed as a disc-like structure.
Fair and Festivals:
- Baisakhi Festival, a two-day spring festival of Vaisakhi is usually held in April of every year, with regional gourmet food, traditional handlooms and handicrafts, live folk arts, and cultural performances, especially by the Haryana State Department of Information, Public Relations & Cultural Affairs at 6 pm.
- Mango Festival, a two-day summer mango fair held every second weekend of July since 1992 by Haryana Tourism and Department of Horticulture, Haryana, at the historical Mughal Gardens at Pinjore to celebrate and promote India’s status as the world’s largest producer of the king of fruits mango by encouraging farmers to adopt technology for increasing production and quality.
- Heritage Festival, a two-day winter festival held every year in the last week of December, showcases the exquisite cultural heritage of the state and region with cultural performances, dance and music competitions, craft Bazar, food court, and evening performances. The garden is decorated with lights, cutouts, platforms, decorated gates, and illuminations.
Opening Timings: 7:30 am to 9:30 pm
Entry Ticket: 20 ₹ per person